Contents

Supplementary benefits

Unsupported Child’s Benefit and Orphan’s Benefit

Costs covered

These benefits are paid as a contribution toward the costs of caring for a child. For these benefits to be paid, the child must be being cared for:

EligibilityTop

To receive either of these benefits, the caregivers must be:

An Unsupported Child’s Benefit is available to the principal caregiver of a child whose natural, adoptive or step-parents are, because of a family breakdown, unable to:

An Orphan’s Benefit is available to the principal caregiver of a child whose natural or adoptive parents cannot support the child because they:

No breakdown in the child’s family is necessary for an Orphan’s Benefit to be payable.

Residency and income tests

Residency tests apply to these benefits.

The caregiver receiving the benefit is not income tested. These benefits are income tested on any income the child receives other than their personal earnings.

These benefits are not taxable, and the child for whom the benefit is paid is not work tested.

Numbers receiving an Unsupported Child’s Benefit or an Orphan’s BenefitTop

Numbers receiving an Unsupported Child’s Benefit and an Orphan’s Benefit remained relatively unchanged between 2010 and 2012

This pattern (see table UO.1) reflected a combination of:

table UO.1: Numbers receiving an Unsupported Child’s Benefit or an Orphan’s Benefit

  Clients receiving an Unsupported Child’s Benefit or an Orphan’s Benefit1
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Total receiving assistance 7,773 8,034 8,586 8,465 8,595

Note

  1. The number recorded in SWIFTT as receiving an Unsupported Child’s Benefit or an Orphan’s Benefit at the end of June.

Reduced grants of these benefits largely reflected population changes

Changes in grants of these benefits (see table UO.2) reflected at least in part changes in the population of children aged under 18.

table UO.2: Numbers granted an Unsupported Child’s Benefit or an Orphan’s Benefit

  Grants of Unsupported Child’s Benefit and Orphan’s Benefit1
2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012
Total granted assistance 3,648 3,334 3,474 2,877 2,760

Note

  1. The number of successful applications for an Unsupported Child’s Benefit or an Orphan’s Benefit recorded in SWIFTT during years ended June.

A relatively small number of children aged under 18 were assisted by these benefits

Between 2008 and 2012, around 1% of children aged under 18 were assisted by one of these benefits, virtually all of these by an Unsupported Child’s Benefit. Children aged under 5 are less likely than older children to be assisted by one of these benefits.

See table OT.3 for trends since 1940 in the number of people receiving an Unsupported Child’s Benefit or an Orphan’s Benefit.

More information about the clients receiving these benefits

Around one in two of the clients receiving an Unsupported Child’s Benefit or an Orphan’s Benefit were in working families

Between 2008 and 2012, 54% of clients receiving these benefits were in working families (see table UO.3). Fourteen percent were receiving a Domestic Purposes Benefit, and a similar number were receiving New Zealand Superannuation.

table UO.3: Financial assistance paid to clients receiving an Unsupported Child’s Benefit or
an Orphan’s Benefit

Financial assistance paid at the end of June Clients receiving an Unsupported Child’s Benefit or an Orphan’s Benefit1
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Unemployment Benefits 97 161 232 247 193
Domestic Purposes Benefits 1,030 1,083 1,229 1,213 1,207
Sickness Benefits 311 319 415 376 390
Invalid’s Benefit 747 786 778 715 678
Other main benefits2 299 263 254 245 257
New Zealand Superannuation or
Veteran’s Pension
983 1,018 1,092 1,148 1,189
None of the above assistance3 4,306 4,404 4,586 4,521 4,681
Total 7,773 8,034 8,586 8,465 8,595

Notes

  1. The number recorded in SWIFTT as receiving an Unsupported Child’s Benefit or an Orphan’s Benefit at the end of June.
  2. Comprises Unemployment Benefit – Training, Unemployment Benefit – Hardship – Training, Unemployment Benefit – Student Hardship, Independent Youth Benefit, Widow’s Benefit and Emergency Benefit.
  3. Includes clients receiving supplementary benefits.

Nearly three in five of the clients granted these benefits had a dependent child aged under 14

Fifty-seven percent of clients granted an Unsupported Child’s Benefit or an Orphan’s Benefit in 2011/2012 had at least one dependent child aged under 14 (see table UO.4). This compared to 53% in 2009/2010.

In 2010/2011 and 2011/2012, 24% of clients granted these benefits had at least one dependent child aged under 5.

table UO.4: Ages of youngest dependent children with caregivers granted an
Unsupported Child’s Benefit or an Orphan’s Benefit

Age of youngest dependent child when benefit granted Grants of Unsupported Child’s Benefit and Orphan’s Benefit1
2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012
0–4 years 698 714 693 691 678
5–9 years 527 479 492 376 428
10–13 years 792 679 653 476 480
14–17 years 1,605 1,453 1,621 1,323 1,170
18 years or over 15 2 6 4 1
Not applicable2 11 7 9 7 3
Total 3,648 3,334 3,474 2,877 2,760

Notes

  1. The number of successful applications for an Unsupported Child’s Benefit or an Orphan’s Benefit recorded in SWIFTT during years ended June.
  2. These benefits were granted at a nil rate of payment until the circumstances of the children in respect of whom the benefits were to be paid had been clarified.

More information about children assisted by these benefits

Over two in three of the children assisted by these benefits were aged under 14

Sixty-nine percent of the children assisted by an Unsupported Child’s Benefit or an Orphan’s Benefit between 2008 and 2012 were aged under 14 (see table UO.5). This included:

table UO.5: Ages of children assisted by an Unsupported Child’s Benefit or an Orphan’s Benefit

Age of child at the end of June Children assisted by an Unsupported Child’s Benefit or an Orphan’s Benefit1,2
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
0–4 years 1,467 1,562 1,639 1,708 1,755
5–9 years 2,978 3,050 3,277 3,317 3,463
10–13 years 3,002 3,070 3,180 3,141 3,209
14–17 years 3,121 3,279 3,717 3,569 3,565
18 years or over 104 128 132 164 179
Total 10,672 11,089 11,945 11,899 12,171

Notes

  1. The number of children recorded in SWIFTT as being assisted by an Unsupported Child’s Benefit or an Orphan’s Benefit at the end of June.
  2. The number of children for whom an Unsupported Child’s Benefit or an Orphan’s Benefit was paid at the end of June may not equal the number of clients receiving an Unsupported Child’s Benefit or an Orphan’s Benefit at the same date. This is because the same client may receive these benefits for more than one child.