Work and Income define children as dependent on a client when:
Other children living in the client’s household are treated as economically independent of the client. The following statistics exclude economically independent children in clients’ households.
The number of children dependent on beneficiaries decreased slightly between 2011 and 2012
This decrease (see table DB.1) followed little change between 2010 and 2011. This pattern reflected a combination of:
While the decrease in main benefit numbers was driven by Unemployment Benefits, only a small proportion of Unemployment Benefit recipients had dependent children. On the other hand, nearly all recipients of Domestic Purposes Benefits had at least one dependent child.
table DB.1: Ages of children dependent on recipients of a main benefit
|Age of child at the end of June||2008||2009||2010||2011||2012|
|Children dependent on working-age recipients of a main benefit1|
|Total dependent on working-age clients||200,678||221,305||234,353||233,719||227,822|
|Children dependent on other recipients of a main benefit1|
|Total dependent on other clients||1,081||1,161||1,054||913||820|
|All children dependent on recipients of a main benefit1|
|Total dependent on all clients||201,759||222,466||235,407||234,632||228,642|
Over one in five of children aged under 18 were dependent on benefit recipients
In 2012, an estimated 21.1% of children aged under 18 were dependent on benefit recipients, down from 21.5% in 2010 and 2011. Since 2009, children aged under 10 have been more likely to be dependent on a benefit recipient than children aged 10–17.
Clients coming off a benefit between 2010 and 2012 were less likely to have a dependent child than those who remained on a benefit. This reflected the fact that Unemployment Benefits drove the decrease in main benefit numbers, while recipients of Domestic Purposes Benefits were much more likely to have children.
Over four in five children dependent on beneficiaries were aged under 14
Around 82% of the children dependent on working-age benefit recipients between 2008 and 2012 were aged under 14 (see table DB.1). This included around 33% who were aged under 5.